CCTV Camera Systems - IP Vs Analog

CCTV Camera have come a long way since being first presented into the industry in the late 1950's. There are all kinds of CCTV Security Camera now such as dome Security Camera, topic Security Camera, IR Security Camera that can see in the dark and even tiny little pen Security Camera like the Wayne Connection. The wireless protection electronic camera industry has become one of the quickest growing sectors these days since Sept Eleventh. Analogue and IP Security Camera are the two kinds of CCTV Security Camera available currently in the marketplace. And while though analog CCTV Security Camera are still the most widely used kind, the functions and versatility that customers & businesses can gain by using IP CCTV techniques compared to analog are tremendous. Some functions include, Security Camera that run on energy over Ethernet (POE).

What this implies is that the electronic camera can be powered and transfer movie nourish all with one Cat5 wire, rather than running a energy wire and a separate movie wire the way that analog Security Camera do. Another advantage of using IP CCTV Camera is that the quality that can be carried out far exceeds the movie quality that can be provided while using analog technological innovation. IP Security Camera quality is calculated in electronic mp instead of TV Lines (TVL) as traditional analog Security Camera do. What this implies to the customers is a cleaner, cleaner, and more detailed picture than what is obtained with analog. With the release of IP Security Camera there came another method of recoding and saving video taken by CCTV techniques. The Digital Video Camera also known as a DVR is used to take video or movie taken by a wireless protection electronic camera and saving it as the name says, electronically, onto a disk drive.

Now owners can perspective up to a month's worth of video on a DVR without having to change old VHS footage for certain days as was done in the past. IP Security Camera also known as Online Method Security Camera use Network Video Camera to record video which can then be viewed slightly from anywhere that has an online indication. Currently people can even perspective a CCTV nourish via their internet permitted mobile phones, with this feature customers can have more independence and a better sense of protection knowing they can perspective their CCTV program anywhere. But with all the rewards that IP CCTV electronic camera technological innovation can deliver there is a downside; because IP technological innovation is still new to the industry the price of setting up an IP protection program is still significantly higher than going with an Analogue CCTV System. With the rate of how quickly technologies improve in today's age, analog Security Camera are still very able to deliver the advantage, safety, and protection that customers have come to expect at a cheaper than IP.

The undercover industry has even given the persuade that comes with the IP CCTV protection program to analog users by allowing them to also perspective their techniques slightly from any computer or smartphone. In the end there are advantages and disadvantages with either analog or IP techniques, but when it all comes down do it, not every CCTV Camera wireless protection electronic camera body program is the same for every consumer. So using the energy of the globally web, one should look for what form of program is best suited for the program at hand. If not then it could end up priced at more than what is really needed for the situation, and who really wants to pay more something especially something that won't be used.

A Look Within CCTV Cameras

The CCTV Camera has certainly been able to produce a lot of advertising for itself during the modern times. Many latest styles are starting when it comes to spy and undercover devices. A lot of individuals have actually taken plenty of interest in these CCTV digital cams which are often described as the camera in a lighting style. These CCTV digital cams can be quickly attached onto any lighting style plug because the inside of the CCTV camera is a very innovative low-light grayscale camera.

CCTV Camera Facts:

- The video signal of the CCTV camera is protected and fed immediately to a 110-volt energy line

- Each and every CCTV camera also has a associate decoder that can be connected to even a common home owners TV set

- Uses conventional movie result using line-level RCA type cables

- Designed in infra-red system for seeing pictures clearly even in complete night and up to a highest possible of 30 feet

1. Awesome Durability
The CCTV camera has already been examined and it efficiently works even when using 2000 toes of AC electrical wiring. And even though the energy range is already packed with other equipment such as freezer engines, heaters components as well other mountains and falls the CCTV Camera will still be able to produce excellent and clear pictures even under such circumstances. When it comes to wide-angle watching, the CCTV camera is actually the best in the lot and is regarded your best option.

2. High Detail
CCTV digital cams are extremely delicate when it comes to being able to produce understandable pictures even with only minimal lighting style. You can actually increase this infra-red functionality of the CCTV camera when you add some additional infra-red floodlights.
Also, the CCTV camera is a completely connect and perform appropriate undercover camera for any system using conventional RCA relationships. You can also connect the movie nourish of the CCTV camera immediately to your VCR and you can actually history the taken pictures immediately. With the CCTV camera, you can observe the pictures through your tv set or you can take the history with you and actually perform it on a different VCR.
For individuals who would like to have more information about the CCTV camera as well as how the CCTV camera can help you feel protected in your home as well as the price results of the CCTV digital cams, fascinated individuals can just quickly obtain it through the internet wherein various web sites concerning the CCTV camera are all, you just have to be able to fight the desire to just buy any old CCTV Camera that is being provided in you need to. There are actually a lot of scams CCTV digital cams wherein they offer it off at low costs, duping their clients into considering that they were able to ranking a deal but in fact these are just inexpensive reproductions and do not really operate that well.

Monitoring CCTV Cameras Can Check Criminal Offenses!

If the current world's situation is concerned, surveillance cameras are installed everywhere. But just installing these cameras makes absolutely no sense. There should be someone who can monitor these cameras effectively. Just think about the situation, while you are out of your premise and your premise is under some kind of threat! The CCTV Camera will definitely capture the whole event but what is purpose of installing a CCTV camera? Simply capturing an event is not enough as because CCTV cameras are installed to provide safety and security and not just for recording the activities.

To catch the suspected person red handed some individuals should monitor the CCTV cameras in a premise. These persons should be trained properly to deal with the situation dynamically. Following situations are evident where monitoring of the CCTVs contributed a lot to check the crime rate.

* Consumption of Drugs Illegally in the Elevator:

Intake of drugs is considered as illegal in India or in many other countries. It is supposed to be a crime when consumption of these products is made inside a closed compartment. Generally in the shopping malls, hotels or in any other crowded place where smoking or drinking is not allowed, people search for areas where authorities can never notice them. Almost on a regular basis, people intake these deadliest products inside the elevator. They are mostly unaware of the hidden CCTV Security Camera, which is regularly monitored by the security guards. Before they even step down from the elevator they are caught by the guards, only because CCTV Camera are monitored otherwise it would not have been possible.

* Cheating in the Examination Hall of the Educational Institutes:

A very common happening in the schooling premises, the mentality of the students to look at other's papers rather than on their own. This peculiar situation can be easily captured by the CCTV security cameras but that will not bring the solution. The solution can be eradicating the problem immediately on seeing the situation. That can be done on monitoring the CCTV cameras. Monitoring these security cameras helps in immediately catching the suspected one. The action in turn can therefore be taken.

* Security Check in the Airport:

During the security check in the airport simply the guard checking is not supposed to be enough. As human beings can never be 100% trustworthy, moreover they can never be that much efficient like the electronic security devices. With the CCTV cameras, each and every minute detail can be captured going on in the premises. Now think, if the CCTV only captures the scene that shows the people are carrying weapons would that had been enough? Unless the CCTV is monitored by someone, the proper action in proper time can never be taken.

The earlier scenes at different premises are the real time events that prove the necessity of monitoring the CCTV at various situations. The ultimate goal to meet the security constraint can only be achieved by tracking the CCTV footage. Through closed circuit television therefore you can reach the utmost security, as it is important "to be secure and keep secure".

For More detail about CCTV Camera and Products visit our website:www.AditGroup.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/3474814

Evolution of CCTV Camera in India

Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) camera is widely used in modern times for surveillance. It is used in all countries for security. India is no exception! You may come across CCTV Camera in India in day-to-day life. Besides, its use is increasing. You may find a great future for CCTV in India. CCTVs are here to stay!

CCTV was first designed by the German scientist Walter Brunch in 1942. It was used to monitor the launch of rockets. It, later on, became a part of every rocket launch program. It was used to monitor any technical defects taking place during the launch. United Kingdom (UK) began using the system to monitor public places for crime prevention in 1960s. United States (US) started using the system for crime prevention in public buildings. The use of CCTVs quickly spread to other countries. Largest number of CCTV cameras exists in Europe today. The European Government spends almost two-third of its crime prevention budget in CCTV cameras and Digital Video Recorders (DVRs).

Indian story with regards to CCTV is a bit different. It has not been long since the utilization of CCTV in India gained momentum. Inspiration to use CCTV Camera in India has been derived from other countries. After the attacks on twin tower, the growth of CCTV increased considerably in US. Large-scale use of CCTV in India is mere copying of the measures adopted by other countries to fight terrorism. Despite being the center of focus of jihad based terrorism, market has remained slow to accept CCTV cameras in India, as compared to other countries. The outlook is changing at a fast pace, though!

Back in 2002, CCTV cameras in India were found in schools, kindergartens, supermarkets, and retail stores. Retail stores and supermarkets required them the most to prevent shoplifting. Schools and kindergartens use the system to monitor the activities of children, to prevent bullying, and to prevent juvenile crime. In 2004, a report was published in a leading newspaper; the Delhi police urged the banks in the city to install CCTV to combat bank robbery. By then, CCTV in some Indian Police stations was also set to monitor the activities of Police officers. CCTV in Indian bus depots and railway stations was installed as well to detect pick-pocketing. Airports started using CCTV surveillance since 2002.

Information Technology Act, passed in 2008, has given immense power to the Government in matters of surveillance. Government can monitor any premise, even if it is a blow to privacy, to protect the interests of the common public. CCTV in India will gradually make its way into roads, civic bodies, and other public places. Installation of CCTV cameras in Indian public places may reduce crime and anti-social behavior. Scope for CCTV security cameras in India is huge in the near future!

Outlook towards CCTV in India has changed considerably! Today, the use of CCTV Camera in India is not restricted to highly sensitive areas. Offices, restaurants, and other places of day-to-day life install CCTV Security Camera to monitor the activities going on in the premise. CCTV in India has become a major tool for security.

Author is related with CCTV Cameras [http://www.aditgroup.com/] site AditGroup.com. For More Detail about CCTV Camera and Security Camera products visit us: www.AditGroup.com

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/4869036

Firefighters Use Computers to Prevent Flames - Fire Alarm System

Fire Alarm System

VAN NUYS — Los Angeles firefighters have a new weapon in their arsenal to battle brush fires: a palm-sized computer that cuts in half the time needed to process brush clearance violations.

LAFD inspectors, however, use the calculator-size computers to collect data on brush clearance violations and notify property owners of their noncompliance.

Some 200,000 violation notices were sent out last year to business and residential property owners in Los Angeles, officials said. Inspectors spent countless hours visiting properties, recording data on paper forms, writing violation summaries, manually entering data into department computers and printing and mailing form letters.

Now, inspectors simply call up a list of properties to be inspected, enter a bar code that includes the assessor's map and page numbers, scan a list of violations and check off all that apply, said LAFD Senior Systems Analyst Jack Shafer, who developed the software program.

The information is then downloaded to a main computer at department headquarters, which prints out letters ready to be mailed to property owners.
"I had purchased a Palm for my own use and I kept getting ads from third parties about software programs that would let you write your own programs," Shafer said. "I asked myself, 'Could I do this for brush clearance?' "

Shafer downloaded a do-it-yourself software program to his personal organizer and wrote a program for brush clearance inspectors. He then showed the program to several Fire Department officials, who helped him refine it.

The entire process, he said, took about four months, which was just in time for brush clearance inspections that began in May.

"The time savings has been phenomenal," said Capt. Paul Quagliata, who commands the brush clearance unit. "It will enable us to complete our inspections in record time. We are doing in a month what usually takes four to five months." (Fire Alarm System)

Annual brush clearance inspections take place between May and July, Quagliata said, in preparation for the fire season.

The 70 miniature computers cost about $500 each--plus another $30 to $40 for straps that allow inspectors to wear them like wristwatches. The units were paid for with money originally earmarked for laptop computers that would have cost about $1,500 apiece, Shafer said.
By using the new devices, the Fire Department is saving the city about $123,000 a year in inspection and data entry costs, Shafer said.

"You can't really quantify how many fires didn't happen, how many people didn't burn," Shafer said. "What we do know is that the system is more efficient."

Shafer said he is currently developing software application programs for the Fire Department's emergency medical services and air operations units.


About author:

By KARIMA A. HAYNES, TIMES STAFF WRITER
July 02, 1999

Source: http://articles.latimes.com/1999/jul/02/local/me-52206

UVSS, Under Vehicle Surveillance System

The most capable UVSS (Under Vehicle Surveillance System) available for detecting Contraband, Drugs, Explosives, and other Objects. if your premises are worth securing, it's worth looking into under vehicle Surveillance Systems (UVSS). our UVSS solutions are designed to scan, monitor, and digitally record crisp, clear digital video images of the entire width of a vehicle's undersides - all with one permanent or portable system. careful integration of components makes the UVSS a cost-effective and convenient solution for checking passenger vehicles, vans, buses, semi tractors, trucks and trailers, and more. it’s an ideal solution for governmental, military, corporate, and transportation facilities - wherever complete vehicle monitoring is required.

UVSS

Advanced imaging and LED illumination provide clear, high resolution video of the vehicle’s underside to help detect attached packages, explosives, and other objects. for monitoring, images are processed by digital video recorder (DVR) capable of recording 4-16 channels simultaneously and then displaying moving images on screen. The UVSS dvr delivers the full picture of a vehicle’s entire width and length for a fraction of the cost of less capable systems.

Unmatched integration flexibility

Each UVSS gives you total flexibility in integrating with your security system. the open architecture means you can connect to your existing CCTV system, can transmit your video over IP, fiber optics, coax, or wireless, and can integrate with automatic License plate recognition and driver image-capture cameras. the system can be configured with motion detection or loop detection so that you only record “live” events.

Vehicle Surveillance System

Seeing is securing in real time

With the UVSS, you can view in Real-time and full color for the entire length of the vehicle. There is no waiting like with line-scan systems and no need for an expensive image-processing computer. See it live with no delay. And it’s just as easy to store images on a DVR to keep a high-resolution record of all vehicles.

Sharp images provide the total picture

High-resolution color cameras give you clear, sharp images. Bright white, high-intensity led-based lighting illuminates the vehicle’s undercarriage so details aren’t lost in shadows. And with the ability to place cameras anywhere along the length of the ramp, wheel wells and other details are easy to capture.

Vehicle Surveillance System

Cameras feature a tough, scratch-proof sapphire lens

Since there are no areas for water to gather, there are no special drainage requirements or special cleaning equipment required. each system is backed with a manufacturer’s unconditional no-questions-asked warranty.

Permanent and portable systems available

The portable version is installed by just laying the ramp in the inspection areas with some traffic cones around it. It comes with a galvanized cable protector to cover and protect the cables that go to the portable monitoring station. Permanent versions can be field installed by one person in less than one hour. There are no pits to dig and no major construction required.

Built rugged for long life0

The heavy-duty, low-profile Galvanized steel ramps have a 48-ton capacity and are designed to withstand harsh environments, rugged terrain, and extreme temperatures. Likewise, cameras and lighting are encased in sturdy, weatherproof housings. Leds offer the most reliable, low-heat light source available, with a typical life of over 100,000 hours. Leds are preferred over halogen lamps because of their significantly longer life and lower heat generation.

UVSS

Under Vehicle Surveillance System, UVSS, Vehicle Security System, Explosoin Detection, Vehicle Tracking System, Vehicle Surveillance, Car Detecting, UVSS Solution, Vehicle Integration

VAN NUYS — Los Angeles firefighters have a new weapon in their arsenal to battle brush fires: a palm-sized computer that cuts in half the time needed to process brush clearance violations.

LAFD inspectors, however, use the calculator-size computers to collect data on brush clearance violations and notify property owners of their noncompliance.

Some 200,000 violation notices were sent out last year to business and residential property owners in Los Angeles, officials said. Inspectors spent countless hours visiting properties, recording data on paper forms, writing violation summaries, manually entering data into department computers and printing and mailing form letters.

Now, inspectors simply call up a list of properties to be inspected, enter a bar code that includes the assessor's map and page numbers, scan a list of violations and check off all that apply, said LAFD Senior Systems Analyst Jack Shafer, who developed the software program.

The information is then downloaded to a main computer at department headquarters, which prints out letters ready to be mailed to property owners.

"I had purchased a Palm for my own use and I kept getting ads from third parties about software programs that would let you write your own programs," Shafer said. "I asked myself, 'Could I do this for brush clearance?' "

Shafer downloaded a do-it-yourself software program to his personal organizer and wrote a program for brush clearance inspectors. He then showed the program to several Fire Department officials, who helped him refine it.

The entire process, he said, took about four months, which was just in time for brush clearance inspections that began in May.

"The time savings has been phenomenal," said Capt. Paul Quagliata, who commands the brush clearance unit. "It will enable us to complete our inspections in record time. We are doing in a month what usually takes four to five months." (Fire Alarm System)

Annual brush clearance inspections take place between May and July, Quagliata said, in preparation for the fire season.

The 70 miniature computers cost about $500 each--plus another $30 to $40 for straps that allow inspectors to wear them like wristwatches. The units were paid for with money originally earmarked for laptop computers that would have cost about $1,500 apiece, Shafer said.

By using the new devices, the Fire Department is saving the city about $123,000 a year in inspection and data entry costs, Shafer said.

"You can't really quantify how many fires didn't happen, how many people didn't burn," Shafer said. "What we do know is that the system is more efficient."

Shafer said he is currently developing software application programs for the Fire Department's emergency medical services and air operations units.


About author:

By KARIMA A. HAYNES, TIMES STAFF WRITER
July 02, 1999

Source: http://articles.latimes.com/1999/jul/02/local/me-52206

Security Camera System - Buyers Guide

Although the application of CCTV security have not changed very much over the past years, the tools and equipment have significantly. Cameras became smaller, cheaper and better, but the major breakthrough happened in recording equipment.

Therefore many customers shopping for complete CCTV monitoring and recording systems are confused by such a verity of available products. Goal of this article is to guide buyers toward best possible and most economical type of CCTV equipment, based on intended implementation and requirements.

Selecting the right cameras.It is virtually impossible to describe all types of available ones in this short article. We will focus our attention on most popular and widely used camera types instead.

CCTV produce images using CMOS or CCD (Charge Couple Device) chips. Tiny, very low price CCTV cameras usually use CMOS technology, produce poor quality images and have very poor light sensitivity. Decent quality CCTV cameras use CCD technology. The size of the CCD chip is normally 1/4", 1/3" or 1/2". As a rule of thumb, the larger the size, the higher the quality of the image produced and the higher the price. However, higher density 1/4" and 1/3" CCD chips can now produce as good an image as many 1/3" or 1/2" chips.

The number of TV lines in the security camera image is a measure of picture resolution (sharpness). The larger the number of TV lines, the better the resolution and hence, overall picture quality. Standard resolution camera may have 350-380 lines, over 400 TV Lines is generally considered good resolution while over 500 TV lines is considered high resolution. B/W chip cameras produce greater resolution and better light sensitivity, therefore suitable for use in dark areas where light conditions are poor most of the time.

On the other hand color cameras offer more realistic and natural picture. CCTV cameras

Professional grade cameras.

Have box type body with the ability to use different types and size of lenses. Exchangeable lenses enable this camera, to monitor objects from virtually any distance. Although for indoor use, they can be used for outdoor when combined with weatherproof housing. They are considered to be the most flexible and widely used by professionals for commercial installations.

Bullet cameras.

Bullet cameras are, as the name suggest contained inside bullet shaped housing.

Most bullet cameras are weatherproof and sealed without the ability to use different lenses. Great advantage of bullet camera is the small size and integrated design, some bullet cameras will even have infrared LED future built-in. simply LED light in infrared spectrum (not visible to human eye). This light will illuminate viewing area, making possible monitoring in complete darkness. This is great future, but it only works up to certain distance (usually between 10 and 50 ft. depending on model) Vary simple to install and estheticly designed, bullet cameras are great choice for residential and do-it-yourself installations where monitoring objects are within about 25ft from the camera location (with standard 3.6mm lens).

Board Cameras.

Board Cameras are basically fixed lens mounted on a circuit board. These cameras may be packaged in a small case (Mini Cameras) or dome (Mini Dome) or simply sold unpackaged, for mounting by the purchaser. Lenses in these are either of a normal industry aperture or a "pinhole" lens of very small aperture. Pinhole lens cameras are often called "spy" cameras and may be mounted in a concealed way for covert surveillance purposes. The most popular examples of covert board ones are smoke detector and motion detector cameras.

Since the lenses in board cameras are pre-mounted, have a fixed iris and are usually of a short focal length (i.e. wide angle), their flexibility of usefulness is limited. However, this type of camera can provide a low cost solution in the right situation, particularly in a home environment. We have shortly described most popular types of cameras, lets now discus, how and where they mite be used.

Professional types with C/CS mount lens attachment generally offer best performance and many important futures, like lens control output, Back Light Compensation and many more...

Distance from monitoring object to the camera is not an issue, that is why ability to select different lenses, based on location is so important. Installation is bit complicated and professional installation strongly recommended. We recommend this type of security cameras for commercial installations.

Most Bullet cameras in comparison, do not offer high resolution and lens selection flexibility, but are likely to be weatherproof, some will have infrared light built-in and most of all they are relatively easy to implement. They usually come with 3.6mm lens witch are considered to be suitable for most standard installations (good for covering small to medium size room or equivalent).

For larger rooms or longer distances, cameras with 6mm or higher lens may be required. They are great choice for any do-it-yourself installation.

Board cameras in contrast are widely used in covert camera installations, sometimes called Spy Cameras. Many are basically board ones with built-in transmitter. We are not going to go into wireless cameras right now, as this would be enough material for completely new article.

Board cameras are sold as plain circuit board, for integrating into hidden camera devices. They are also available in dome housing, as vary popular Dome Camera or integrated with Smoke Detector, Motion Detector, Exit Sign and so on. Most also come with 3.6mm lens although some will allow lens to be replaced.

Over the time, most practical design has been Dome Camera with its aesthetic appearance it blends into surroundings, especially with drop down sealing, great for use in stores, lobbies, gas stations and other public places. Practical solution for covert installation are also, Motion and Smoke Detector cameras, they are absolutely not substitute for your security alarm or fire protection. They should always be selected based on the location of the camera (inside/outside), distance from the monitoring object, light condition and budget.

When shopping for security cameras, customers are faced with the fact that they will need to select one or another recording device.

The days of well-known CCTV time-lapse recorder are almost over.

Although some customers still prefer this old fashioned recording solution, it is well worth to invest some extra money to purchase a good quality digital video recorder (DVR). Digital recorder transfers analog camera video feed into format, and stores it on hard drive. There are two major types of digital recorders on the market right now.

PC Based Systems.

A special board and software installed on the computer will allow camera inputs and store video on the hard drive.

Many people are under the misconception that personal computer with additional hardware installed, will do the job. This explains the hundreds of companies that have hung up a sign, taken out some ads and begun working out of basements and garages, holding themselves out to be DVR manufacturers and security specialists. The main problem with this type of CCTV recorders lies in the main component of it... Yes, it is a computer, designed to do unlimited tasks, but non well. The truth is that any computer based digital video recorder is, and will always be vulnerable to software crashes, hang-ups, system instability, virus related problems etc...

Stand Alone Systems.

Very similar in appearance and control functions to standard VCR recorders, are truly remarkable devices. Most video processing is done by hardware, therefore eliminating system crashes, video is also stored on hard drive in digital format. The basic operating system, usually Linux, is permanently stored on special processor, witch is impossible to overwrite or corrupt. Designed and manufactured with single application in mind, it is by far better in performance and reliability to its PC based rival.

Some DVR systems will even have remote monitoring capability, useful when monitoring is required in different locations through Internet or network. Most important futures to look for when selecting the right DVR recorder are motion detection and frame speed. The higher the frame speed the more fluent video recording. Motion detection will allow recording video from each camera only when motion is detected; this is great for extending video recording time.

Security Monitors.

Video from Security recorder could be displayed on regular TV monitor. It is OK to do it this way, for baby monitoring or residential application, when quality of the picture is not that important. However for professional installation, security monitors are as much important as cameras. They offer extended life of picture tube (necessary with any static picture, that can cause picture burnout) and much grater resolution.

Cables and wiring.

Finally any camera installation will require proper wiring. Good quality cable will prevent video degradation over long distance runs. It is recommended to use RG59 or RG6 coaxial cables as it is fully shielded and will prevent video loss up to 400 ft. Coaxial cables will require BNC connectors and proper installation possibly done by experienced technician. In short runs plug and play non-coaxial cables with factory installed BNC connectors may be used (up to 150 ft.). The plug and play cables are easy enough to install by not experienced users.

Cables for CCTV Cameras consist of two cables bundled in one jacket. One cable for video and one for power delivery.

Conclusion.

Every CCTV System is as good and reliable as its weakest component. With this in mind, investing on highest quality and performance cameras, while purchasing low performance recorder, from economical and practical standpoint just does not make sense.

For example, why use CCTV Cameras with 500 TV lines of resolution with monitor that offers only 380 or less. All the benefit of high-resolution camera is affectively sacrificed by limited capability of monitor. Asking questions is important before purchasing video security systemFree Articles, and your vendor will probably be able to give more details and recommend equipment for specific needs and requirements.

Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

Robert Moskal is Technical Department Manager at V2Comp, Inc., a major distributor of CCTV cameras and other surveillance equipment located in Chicago area. More information about new products can be accessed at www.aditgroup.com

What To Do In The Event Of A Fire At Your Business Premises

As part of the fire risk assessment it is important for businesses to identify what to do in the event of a fire. Common sense and discretion should be used on the discovery of a fire. If the fire is very small, and one is confident that it can easily be extinguished, the nearest appropriate fire extinguisher should be used. If this action has no immediate effect on the fire the fire alarm should be operated to inform fellow colleagues and personnel within the workplace.

In premises not provided with an electrical alarm the warning should be by word of mouth, "FIRE", or by operating the manual break glass call points. In general the fire alarm should be sounded prior to the fire being tackled. All staff should be shown the "Break the Glass call point" in the vicinity of where they work.

If calling the fire service or reporting a fire locally the following information should be gathered where possible:

1. The exact location of the fire;
2. The location of any trapped persons;
3. The type of fire ie the type of fuel involved;
4. Report any hazardous substances that may be involved, such as the following - toxic or explosive chemicals, any radioactive substances, any gas cylinders

The Fire Service should be called directly by dialling 999 and all the relevant information should be passed on to the fire service control. Remember the Fire Service Control may not be familiar with the topography of the area. It is therefore essential that the correct postal address of the premises is given. It may be conducive to provide a conspicuous notice adjacent to the telephone which may be used for calling the Brigade. Such a notice should include the correct postal address. All staff should be told the system of reporting a fire that is relevant to them. Only after the alarm has been raised and the Fire Service informed should the fire be tackled. In practice the fire may be discovered by more than one person and the above action can be carried out simultaneously.

If your efforts to tackle the fire has no effect or the fire is too large for first-aid fire fighting then evacuate the building immediately by using the shortest possible route closing the door to the effected room behind you.

After evacuation report to the pre-determined assembly point and await further instructions. An individual should meet with the fire officer when he or she arrives and pass on any relevant informaton, this would include the possible location of the fire as well as whether everyone is out of the building. This information is vitally important and will ensure that the Fire Service have as much information as possible to enable them to put a plan of action in place. If you have a plan drawing of the premises then this would also prove very useful and would save valuable time.

On occasion the fire may not be visible from outside the building and some people may wish to re-enter the building to collect their belongings or to shelter from the adverse elements. It may be that the fire is in a Hotel at three 'o' clock in the morning on a cold Winter 's night, if this were the case then guests would want to return to their rooms as soon as possible, it is imperetive that people are only allowed back into the building once the fire service have completed their actions in identifying the location of the fire and making it safe for individuals to return. The fire officer will inform the business manager of when it is safe to do so.

Following the conclusion of the incident the fire officer will carryout an investigation into the most probable cause, it is likely that at this stage the very first thing they will ask to see is your completed fire risk assessment, to identify what fire hazards you had recorded within it and the various preventative measures you had considered to prevent a fire occuring at your workplace. Insurance companies are incresingly asking to see fire risk assessments when purchasing insurance and certainly following a fire in the workplace, not to have completed a fire risk assessment at your business may compromise yor insurance policy

One of the most common causes of fire within business premises is poor management. Fire Safety is often overlooked by businesses as people believe it, "will never happen to them" don't fall into the same trap, as statistics show, that along with the heartache of serious injuries to people, two thirds of businesses never recover from a serious fire. Make the appropriate provisions now by putting your management systems in place to protect your people and your livelihood.

About the author :
Freddy has been a regular author on topics concerning business fire safety consultancy. Specialising in the practical application of the fire safety risk assessment process with 17 years experience as an operational fire safety officer.

The Process Of A Fire Risk Assessment

Today, with regulations enforcing evermore stringent safety measures concerned with fire, staying abreast of developments can be difficult. Of prime importance is to have a regular fire risk assessment to ensure hazards are kept to a minimum. The duty of a regular fire risk assessment lies firmly in the hands of the 'responsible person'. It is this person 's job to ensure and manage any fire risks that may be present, either in a business or residential premises. Part of their work is to ensure that effective fire risk assessment procedures are put in place.

But how does this 'responsible person' carry out a fire risk assessment? What processes are involved to ensure resident 's or worker 's safety in the prevention and reaction to a fire?

The first step in any fire risk assessment is to identify the hazards that may be present in either a workplace or residential location. There are many hazards to contemplate when conducting a fire risk assessment. It must be understood that almost anything can start a fire, whether this is a naked flame, a heater or even a hair dryer. Understanding the risk posed by such items is fundamental in the assessment, added to this; in the business workplace there may be machinery and equipment that could cause problems.

The second ingredient of fire is any combustible material. Most materials present in either the home or the workplace are flammable in some way. In the workplace, a pile of waste may be just the right material to feed a blaze whereas in the home, soft furnishings are an especially vulnerable material to fire. Recognising the risks that these materials pose is a vital element in reducing the risk of fire; naturally, if the fire has no material to feed off, it will not spread as quickly, greatly improving safety.

The final component of any fire is oxygen. Without oxygen there is no way that a fire can even ignite, let alone spread. For fire risk assessors, the job of keeping oxygen levels under control is understandably difficult as it surrounds us at all times. An assessment should predominantly focus upon the other two ingredients of fire unless the workplace or location has stocks of pressurised oxygen which may in effect intensify a blaze.

The second stage of a fire risk assessment is to recognise the risks not only of the fire itself, but which people will be most vulnerable if a fire does break out. These people can vary greatly in the risks they may encounter as well as the speed of their exit. Of especial importance are those who work with combustible materials or work alone in areas that may be prone to fire. An assessment should also include the numbers of vulnerable people such as young children, the disable or elderly.

While the fire risk assessment is carried out to evaluate the risk of fire, it should also put in place measures to reduce this risk. An assessor should be able to give advice on ways in which to remove flammable materials, or replace them with less flammable materials. They should also be able to advise on the best ways to keep ignition sources away from combustibles. This is all part of fire safety management.

Providing practical advice to workers or residents is also part of the assessor 's responsibilities. Education, on the risks and how to prevent fires breaking out can be invaluable. As regulations become increasingly stringent on ways to make our workplaces and residential areas safer, it is through efficient fire risk assessment procedures that a spearhead of fire safety can be launched.


About the author :
Safety expert Thomas Pretty looks into the increasing importance of an efficient fire risk assessment as part of compliance with regulations.

How To Make An Outdoor Fire Pit



A fire pit can add dimension and value to your home. Fire pits are very nice in the winter as well as the summer.

There are kits available that allow you to simply put one together and away you go. However, I find that learning how to make an outdoor fire pit is the most cost effective way to go.

The first thing you want to do is consider what you want the fire pit to look like. Think about color, height, width, location and material needed.

You want to be away from any structures or things that could catch fire for obvious reasons, so location is the first thing to decide on. For material, most rock or do-it-yourself cement should suffice.

As these things go, always check with your local authorities for ordinances and regulations regarding fire pits in your area concerning where they can be placed and how big they can be. You want to be within the law with this. If you need building permits or neighbor
s permission, get it so you are in line and legal so you dont run into problems later on.

With that out of the way, you can map out your location and begin. Here is an idea for a basic, in-ground fire pit that is approximately 24
inside diameter and 10 deep.

What You Need

You will need 2 or 3 bags of quick drying cement like Sakrete or the like, enough firebrick or stone to line it with, some quick mortar, a trowel, a 2x4 piece of lumber, a small piece of dowel wood, a can of spray paint (any color will do), some regular gravel and some string.

1) First, find the center of your fire pit
s location and mark it with the dowel wood. Now attach a 12 piece of string to the dowel with a can of spray paint at the end. Using the string as a guide, paint a 24 circle. Then do the same thing with a piece of string 24 long.

2) Dig out between the paint lines 10
deep and you have a trench that is 48 in diameter at the largest point with a trench that measures 12 wide by 10 deep all around. This is your base.

3) Now add the gravel to the trench and tamp it down so it
s firm. Then mix your cement and fill the trench to the top all the way around. Level this off with the 2x4 and smooth out with the trowel. Allow to set for at least two days, possibly up to a week so it has cured properly.

4) You will dig out the inside of the pit to so it is 2 to 3
higher than the sides, which will 7 or 8 and lay some more gravel in the bottom.

5) Then mix up your mortar and lay the firebrick so the bottom is completely covered. You may want to lay a second layer of brick. That
s up to you entirely.

6) Allow the mortar to dry for a couple of days and you have an in-ground fire pit ready to go.

This is only one style among many, so look around and see what you want and go for it!

For more information about fire pits, visit: http://www.tipsonfirepits.com

About the author:
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